Close this search box.

Taking Personal Inventory: Step 4 of AA

picture of Joe Gilmore
Medically Reviewed By: Diana Vo, LMFT

May 13, 2024

Table of Contents

Article at a Glance

  • Taking personal inventory is a self-reflective process crucial for identifying behaviors and emotions that contribute to addiction or hinder recovery
  • This practice involves honest self-assessment, helping individuals recognize patterns, take responsibility for their actions, and develop strategies for personal growth
  • Regularly taking personal inventory supports ongoing recovery by fostering self-awareness, accountability, and the ability to make amends with others affected by one’s behavior

Beginning to take personal inventory of bad behaviors and apologizing for them is a key principle in the well-known 12-step addiction recovery program.

While this process may feel intimidating at first, it’s essential in your recovery because it helps you evaluate your behaviors and character. After taking personal inventory, you can begin to make amends or adjustments to the way you’ve been living under the influence of addiction.

heart icon that is 2 hands holding

Need help getting addiction treatment?

This practice provides an excellent foundation for a new, fresh start as you progress in recovery.

What is a Personal Inventory?

Central to the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) program, this step is formally recognized as Step 4: “Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.”

This step requires participants to list both their positive and negative traits to reflect on the decisions that have brought them to their current state of addiction or abuse. This self-assessment is designed to provide a clear view of personal strengths and weaknesses, facilitating further progress through the remaining steps of the program.

This practice is also a component of other self-help and support groups that adopt a modified version of AA’s 12 steps.

Achieving Step 4 requires someone to be deeply honest about their own actions and character, recognizing that no one is perfect and that personal faults may have contributed to one’s problems.

Taking this personal inventory is crucial in the recovery journey but is not the sole component. It represents just one part of a comprehensive approach to addiction treatment, focusing on uncovering the root causes of issues without attempting to resolve everything simultaneously. It helps individuals recognize that while they cannot change the past, they can prepare for and strengthen themselves for the future.

How to Do a Personal Inventory

Conducting a personal inventory involves serious introspective examination of one’s thoughts, actions, and motivations. Here’s how you can start:

  1. Start by setting aside quiet time in a distraction-free environment, ensuring you can focus on introspection without interruptions.
  2. Begin by reflecting on your behaviors, both positive and negative, and the motives behind them.
  3. List these traits and actions in two columns: strengths and weaknesses.
  4. For each item, consider how it has impacted your life and the lives of those around you. Be brutally honest with yourself about your flaws but also recognize and celebrate your virtues.

Step Four can be a profound experience, and the National Institute on Drug Abuse suggests asking yourself several questions to aid in taking a personal inventory:

  • How does my addiction impact me?
  • How does my addiction affect others?
  • What character flaws contribute to my addiction?
  • What character strengths support my recovery?

This process is not about judging yourself harshly but about understanding yourself better to foster growth and healing. As you do this exercise, think about changes you’d like to make and how you can build upon your strengths to mitigate your weaknesses.

image representing personal inventory

Create a Healthy Recovery Plan at Renaissance Recovery

If you or a loved one are struggling to stay sober on your own, Renaissance Recovery’s California and Florida rehab programs specialize in evidence-based addiction treatment for all stages of recovery.

To learn more about how we can help and how to get the process started, reach out to our admissions team today and learn about our treatment options, including our outpatient and sober living programs.

Due to the unique needs of those struggling with drug and alcohol addictions, Renaissance Recovery‘s treatment programs are personalized and targeted. Therapies may include:

Call our friendly addiction treatment team to begin your journey to recovery.



At Renaissance Recovery our goal is to provide evidence-based treatment to as many individuals as possible. Give us a call today to verify your insurance coverage or to learn more about paying for addiction treatment.

Close this search box.

Joseph Gilmore has been in the addiction industry for three years with experience working for facilities all across the country. Connect with Joe on LinkedIn.

Text a Recovery Expert

Text our team to get the help you need ASAP.

Close this search box.

Use Our 24 Hour text line. You can ask questions about our program, the admissions process, and more.